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quinta-feira, 15 de abril de 2010

Humor :PT fará pesquisa própria para aferir posição de Dilma

Em meio à profusão de pesquisas que inunda o noticiário, o alto comando de campanha de Dilma Rousseff decidiu realizar sua própria sondagem.

Deseja-se aferir a posição da candidata depois da realização do primeiro ciclo de viagens e do lançamento formal da candidatura do rival de José Serra.

A decisão será levada à Executiva do PT, que deve referendá-la. Formalidade necessária, já que as arcas do partido custearão a pesquisa.

Pretende-se fazer a encomenda ao instituto Vox Populi. Estima-se que os pesquisadores irão a campo dentro de cerca de duas semanas.

Não há, por ora, definição sobre o registro da sondagem no TSE. Se notificar o tribunal, o PT pode divulgar o resultado. Do contrário, os dados terão de ficar restrito ao consumo interno.




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Green Party manifesto: 'Fair is worth fighting for'

Green Party leader Caroline Lucas unveils the party's election manifesto with "economics, the environment and fairness at its heart".



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Passengers grounded by Icelandic ash

Passengers in Manchester have been left grounded after ash from a volcano in Iceland forced the closure of UK airspace.



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On Tax Day, a Tea Party in the Shadow of Capitol Hill

Posted 2:00 PM 04/15/10

In honor of tax day, the Tea Party Express took its show to Washington, where its anti-tax festivities dovetailed nicely into a conservative rally for the 2010 midterm elections in November.

Kicking off with a 9:00 am press conference at the National Press Club, the group's leadership wasted no time in laying out their agenda, which -- in the words of Amy Kremer, Director of Grassroots and Coalitions -- includes "change" and "getting involved in the election process." Firmly maintaining that "TPX" is populist, not political, Mark Williams, a conservative talk show host and chairman of the group, told the crowd, "Please don't tell me I'm a Republican tool."

Tool or not, it's hard to divorce TPX from the party of Goldwater, Reagan and Gingrich. This may have to do with TPX's political agenda, defined in part by its list of "Heroes and Targets." One of the big heroes is Sharon Angle, a Reno, Nevada assemblywoman who hopes to challenge Senate Majority Leader Harry Reid in November. Reid, of course, is one of the group's targets, along with Senators Blanche Lincoln and Arlen Specter and Congressmen Betsy Markey, Barney Frank and Alan Mollohan, among others.

On the Plaza

After the press conference, the Tea Party Express chugged down to Freedom Plaza, a broad, open expanse located a few short blocks from the White House. Named in honor of Martin Luther King, who wrote his "I Have a Dream" speech in the nearby Willard Hotel, Freedom Plaza is popular with political protesters, who can gesture angrily at both the White House and the Capitol. In the smallish confines of the plaza, a few hundred can look like a thousand and a few thousand can look like a mob.

At the rally, Kremer reiterated TPX's claim to non-partisanship, telling the crowd, "This is not about being a Democrat or a Republican, it's about being an American," and that "If you wait until November you're going to be voting for the lesser of two evils." Again, however, the non-partisan facade showed a few cracks when it came to the crowd, which carried banners reading "Traitor! Impeach Obama!" and the Biblical-sounding "November Cometh Liberals Goeth."

And it's hard to see the Tea Party Express as a non-partisan group when one considers that its tour kicked off in Senator Reid's hometown of Searchlight, Nevada with a 9,000-person rally against the Democratic Senator. In the ensuing weeks, it has made its way across the country, traipsing through much of the Southwest, the Midwest and the Rust Belt before dropping into Boston for a 5,000-person protest on Boston Commons. Conservative sweetheart Sarah Palin showed up for that one, accompanied by a motley crew of talk radio hosts and c-list television stars, including the guy who played "Benny" on Home Improvement and Victoria Jackson, the blowsy, squeaky-voiced blonde who left Saturday Night Live at about the same time that Bill Clinton entered the White House. Scott Brown, Massachusetts' alleged rebuttal to the liberalism of Ted Kennedy, was notably absent.

A New Group of Protesters

With or without Brown, the Tea Party Express has cobbled together a coalition of malcontents who bear little resemblance to America's usual protesters. For most of the last hundred years, demonstrations have been dominated by fringe groups: wobblies and yippies, immigrants and ghetto dwellers, the poor and the underclass. By comparison, the majority of people involved in Tea Party activities are solidly middle class and mainstream: according to a recent Quinnipiac poll, 88% of Tea Partiers are white, 77% voted for John McCain, 74% are Republican, and 82% have a negative opinion of the Democratic party. The Tea Party protests appeal to a group that, forty years ago, may have been more likely to share a beer with Archie Bunker, watching on TV while the police used dogs and water cannons to disperse complainers. So what has put them on the other side of the barricades?

The simple answer is taxes, or at least that seems to be the message of the "Don't Tread on Me" flags and "Taxation without Representation" rhetoric that show up at Tea Party gatherings. Of course, the original 1773 Tea Party -- from which the group gets its name -- had a lot to do with taxes, and some TPX enthusiasts have claimed that "Tea" stands for "Taxed Enough Already."

On the other hand, for many of the group's members, taxes aren't the biggest concern. According to a poll conducted by CBS and The New York Times, 52% of Tea Partiers claim that their taxes are not excessive. Given that taxes are supposed to be the central unifying factor in TPX, this number is surprisingly high, especially when the same poll showed that 62% of the general public -- only 10% more -- feels the same way.

In a recent article, Fox News explored the Tea Party's growing fragmentation, noting that the group has become a lightning rod for all manner of conservative fringe elements, some of whom claim that Obama was not born in the U.S., that he is a closet Muslim or a Lenin-worshiping Communist, and that his health care program will include "Death Panels."

Asked about TPX's more wild-eyed members, Chairman Williams noted that their rhetoric "pales in comparison" to the protests that occurred during the Bush Presidency. Speaking about questions over Obama's citizenship, Williams seemed eager to retain the support of the birthers, while trying to disassociate himself from their claims: "I don't think it's mainstream Tea Party thought... It's an interesting constitutional exercise to wonder about and talk about it, but it's a dead end in terms of getting anything accomplished."

Even as the seams begin to show, the Tea Party Express is gaining real political power. Thanks in no small part to the thousands who turn out for its rallies, TPX controls a political war chest of over $3 million, which it plans to spend in the weeks leading up to November's elections. Yet, while the Tea Partiers seize their place at the political table, it remains to be seen if they can form a coherent group that can exist outside their defining obsession: their hatred of Barack Obama.

Additional reporting was provided by Sam Young in Washington D.C.



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Iceland's volcanic ash halts flights across Europe

AP posted: 11:33 AM 04/15/10

LONDON -An ash cloud from Iceland's spewing volcano halted air traffic across a wide swath of Europe on Thursday, grounding planes on a scale unseen since the 2001 terror attacks as authorities stopped all flights over Britain, Ireland and the Nordic countries.

Thousands of flights were canceled, stranding tens of thousands of passengers, and officials said it was not clear when it would be safe enough to fly again.

An aviation expert said it was the first time in living memory that an ash cloud had affected some of the most congested airspace in the world, while a scientist in Iceland said the ejection of volcanic ash — and therefore disruptions in air travel — could continue for days or even weeks.

"At the present time it is impossible to say when we will resume flying," said Henrik Peter Joergensen, the spokesman for Copenhagen's airport in Denmark, where some 25,000 passengers were affected.

The ash plume, which rose to between 20,000 feet and 36,000 feet (6,000 meters and 11,000 meters), lies above the Atlantic Ocean close to the flight paths for most routes from the U.S. east coast to Europe.

With the cloud drifting south and east across Britain, the country's air traffic service banned all non-emergency flights until at least 7 a.m. (0600GMT, 2 a.m. EDT) Friday. Irish authorities closed their air space for at least eight hours, and aviation authorities in Denmark, Norway, Sweden and Belgium took similar precautions.

The move shut down London's five major airports including Heathrow, a major trans-Atlantic hub that handles over 1,200 flights and 180,000 passengers per day. Airport shutdowns and flight cancellations spread eastward across Europe — to France, Belgium, the Netherlands, Denmark, Ireland, Sweden, Finland and Switzerland — and the effects reverberated worldwide.

French officials shut down all flights to Paris and 23 other airports.

Airlines in the United States canceling some flights to Europe and delayed others. In Washington, the Federal Aviation Administration said it was working with airlines to try to reroute some flights around the massive ash cloud.

Flights from Asia, Africa and the Middle East to Heathrow and other top European hubs were also put on hold.

The highly abrasive, microscopic particles that make up volcanic ash pose a threat to aircraft because they can affect visibility and get sucked into airplane engines, causing them to shut down. The ash can also block pitot tubes, which supply vital instruments such as air speed indicators, or latch onto engine blades, forming a glassy substance that may cause engines to surge or stall.

Ash will also damage all forward-facing surfaces on an aircraft, such as the cockpit windshields, the wings' leading edges, the landing lights and air filters for the passenger cabin.

It was not the first time air traffic has been halted by a volcano, but such widespread disruption has not been seen the Sept. 11, 2001 terror attacks.

"There hasn't been a bigger one," said William Voss, president of the U.S.-based Flight Safety Foundation, who praised aviation authorities and Eurocontrol, the European air traffic control organization, for closing down airspaces. "This has prevented airliners wandering about, with their engines flaming out along the way."

Gideon Ewers, spokesman for the International Federation of Airline Pilots Associations said it was a unique event.

"Normally, these volcanic eruptions affect air travel in areas of thin traffic such as the Aleutian islands in Alaska, or in Indonesia and the Philippines," he told The Associated Press.

In Iceland, hundreds of people have fled rising floodwaters since the volcano under the Eyjafjallajokull (ay-yah-FYAH'-plah-yer-kuh-duhl) glacier erupted Wednesday for the second time in less than a month.

As water gushed down the mountainside, rivers rose up to 10 feet (3 meters) by Wednesday night, slicing the island nation's main road in half. The eruption was at least 10 times as powerful as the one last month, scientists said.

The volcano still spewed ash and steam Thursday, but the flooding had subsided, leaving new channels carved through the Icelandic landscape. Some ash was falling on uninhabited areas, but most was being blown by westerly winds toward northern Europe, including Britain, about 1,200 miles (2,000 kilometers) away.

"It is likely that the production of ash will continue at a comparable level for some days or weeks. But where it disrupts travel, that depends on the weather," said Einar Kjartansson, a geophysicist at the Icelandic Meteorological Office. "It depends how the wind carries the ash."

At Heathrow, passengers milled around, looking at closed check-in desks and gazing up at departure boards listing rows of cancellations.

"It's so ridiculous it is almost amusing," said Cambridge University researcher Rachel Baker, 23, who had planned to meet her American boyfriend in Boston but got no farther than Heathrow.

"I just wish I was on a beach in Mexico," said Ann Cochrane, 58, of Toronto, a passenger stranded in Glasgow.

The National Air Traffic Service said Britain had not halted all flights in its space in living memory, although most flights were grounded after Sept. 11. Heathrow was also closed by fog for two days in 1952.

The ash cloud did not disrupt operations at Iceland's Keflavik airport or caused problems in the capital of Reykjavik, but has affected the southeastern part of the island, said meteorologist Thorsteinn Jonsson. In one area, visibility was reduced to 150 meters (yards) Thursday, he said, and farmers were told to keep livestock indoors to protect them from eating the abrasive ash.

Eurostar train services to France and Belgium and cross-Channel ferries were packed as travelers sought ways out of Britain. P&O ferries said it had booked a passenger on its Dover-Calais route who was trying to get to Beijing — he hoped to fly from Paris instead of London.

The U.S. Geological Survey says about 100 aircraft have run into volcanic ash from 1983 to 2000. In some cases engines shut down briefly after sucking in volcanic debris, but there have been no fatal incidents.

Kjartansson said until the 1980s, airlines were less cautious about flying through volcanic clouds.

"There were some close calls and now they are being more careful," he said.

In 1989, a KLM Royal Dutch Airlines Boeing 747 flew into an ash cloud from Alaska's Redoubt volcano and lost all power, dropping from 25,000 feet to 12,000 feet (7,500 meters to 3,600) before the crew could get the engines restarted. The plane landed safely.

In another incident in the 1980s, a British Airways 747 flew into a dust cloud and the grit sandblasted the windscreen. The pilot had to stand and look out a side window to land safely.

Last month's eruption at the same volcano occurred in an area where there was no glacial ice — lessening the overall risk. Wednesday's eruption, however, occurred beneath a glacial cap. If the eruption continues, and there is a supply of cold water, the lava will chill quickly and fragment into glass.

If the volcano keeps erupting, there's no end to the flight disruptions it could cause.

"When there is lava erupting close to very cold water, the lava chills quickly and turns essentially into small glass particles that get carried into the eruption plume," said Colin Macpherson, a geologist with the University of Durham. "The risk to flights depends on a combination of factors — namely whether the volcano keeps behaving the way it has and the weather patterns."

Iceland, a nation of 320,000 people, sits on a large volcanic hot spot in the Atlantic's mid-oceanic ridge, and has a history of devastating eruptions.

The worst was the 1783 eruption of the Laki volcano, which spewed a toxic cloud over Europe with devastating consequences. At least 9,000 people, a quarter of the population of Iceland, died, many from the famine caused by the eruption, and many more emigrated. The cloud may have killed more than 20,000 people in eastern England and an estimated 16,000 in France.

AP reporters Jennifer Quinn, Paisley Dodds, Danica Kirka and Chonel LaPorte in London, Ian MacDougall in Oslo, Shawn Pogatchnik in Dublin, Jan Olsen in Copenhagen, Gretchen Mahan in Brussels, Mike Corder in Amsterdam, Adam Schreck in Dubai, Bradley Klapper and Frank Jordans in Geneva and Matti Huuhtanen in Helsinki contributed to this report.



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Meteor in Wisconsin? Video Shows Huge 'Ball of Light'

Updated: 2 hours 39 minutes ago

Michelle Ruiz

Michelle Ruiz Contributor

(April 15) -- Video taken by an Iowa sheriff's cruiser shows it clearly: A fireball believed to have been a large meteor streaked across the Midwestern sky, prompting hundreds of calls to the National Weather Service from stargazers in at least four states.

Images captured by a webcam at the University of Wisconsin at Madison show what appears to be a meteor illuminating the northern sky and shooting eastward around 10 p.m. CDT Wednesday.

There has been no official determination of what caused the fireball. In a statement on its Web site, the weather service said "a fireball or very bright meteor was observed streaking across the sky" in Northern Missouri, Illinois, Indiana and Southern Wisconsin.

"Well before it reached the horizon, it broke up into smaller pieces and was lost from sight," the statement said. "Several reports of a prolonged sonic boom were received ... along with shaking of homes, trees and various other objects including wind chimes."

The agency said it was unknown whether any portion of the meteorite hit the ground. Hundreds of calls were logged by the agency and local media about the fireball.

In an e-mail to the Chicago Tribune, Christine McNorris of Woodstock, Ill., said she saw an "enormous ball of light entering [the] atmosphere in the northwestern sky, fading and leaving a trail as it fell towards the horizon."

Other fireball sightings are possible because of the Gamma Virginids meteor shower, which is expected to last through April 21.



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Mortes em Luziânia provam que houve erro, diz ministro

15 de abril de 2010

O suspeito levou os policiais ao local onde foram encontrados os  corpos dos meninos Foto: Marcio Leijoto/Especial para Terra

Adimar de Jesus Silva confessou ter matado seis adolescentes após sair da cadeia com progressão de pena
Foto: Marcio Leijoto/Especial para Terra

Claudia Andrade
Direto de Brasília

O ministro da Justiça, Luiz Paulo Barreto, afirmou nesta quinta-feira que o "único alento" às mães cujos filhos foram assassinados por Adimar de Jesus Silva é a certeza da punição. O pedreiro confessou ter matado e estuprado seis jovens de Luziânia (GO) no começo do ano.

"É difícil nessa hora algum alento para as mães que perderam seus filhos. O único alento que resta é que o crime não ficará impune, o assassino está preso e vai pagar pelos crimes", afirmou o ministro, em audiência pública na Comissão de Constituição e Justiça do Senado Federal.

Barreto reconheceu a falha no sistema criminal que permitiu que o pedreiro fosse beneficiado com a progressão de regime, depois de cumprir quatro anos de uma pena de mais de dez anos de reclusão por atentado violento ao pudor. "A grande pergunta é: como uma pessoa que estava condenada por um delito sexual pode sair às ruas, sem uma avaliação psicológica clara, e acabar vitimando seis jovens? É claro que o sistema criminal falhou, as mortes provam que houve um erro".

Na opinião do ministro, a falha só pode ser corrigida com um acompanhamento adequado dos que cometem crimes sexuais. "Nesses tipos de caso, onde há um comportamento psicopata, a progressão não pode ocorrer de forma automática. Quando o indivíduo é preso por delitos de comportamento, a tendência é que esse comportamento se repita".

Por conta disso, acrescentou o ministro, é necessário fazer avaliações psicológicas e sociais, para verificar se o condenado tem condições de voltar a conviver em sociedade. Para fazer esse acompanhamento, contudo, Barreto destacou a necessidade de investimento. "Durante muito tempo, o investimento era de polícia, que modernizava seus sistemas e sua capacidade de atuação. Mas temos um tripé, com o Poder Judiciário que julga, o sistema prisional que prende e o sistema de polícia. Não adianta investir em polícia se não se investe no sistema prisional e nas redes de apoio".

Na quarta-feira, ao falar para a mesma comissão do Senado, o presidente do Supremo Tribunal Federal (STF), ministro Gilmar Mendes, também cobrou mais estrutura para o sistema Judiciário. "O que nós tivemos nesse episódio lamentável de Luziânia foi uma falta de estrutura de acompanhamento psicológico de pessoas com profundos distúrbios, com profundos desvios".

Mendes defendeu o uso do monitoramento eletrônico de presos por crimes sexuais que sejam beneficiados pela progressão de regime. "Essas pessoas precisam de um tipo de acompanhamento. Por isso que o CNJ (Conselho Nacional de Justiça) está recomendando o uso do monitoramento eletrônico para que se saiba onde essas pessoas estão".



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Morreu Peter Steele

15 | 04 | 2010 19.00H

O vocalista dos Type 0 Negative, Peter Steele, morreu hoje aos 48 anos de causa ainda não revelada.

Inês Carranca | icarranca@destak.pt

As notícias da morte de Steele circularam pela Internet sem nenhum vínculo oficial, mas a Blitz confirma.

O músico sucumbiu a uma paragem cardíaca, mas a causa da morte ainda não foi revelada.



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Cuba revisa sistema salud, critica exceso gastos: comentarista

LA HABANA (Reuters) - Cuba está revisando su sistema de salud pública gratuito, criticando el exceso de personal y de gastos en un sector considerado uno de los símbolos del Gobierno comunista, dijo el jueves un comentarista estatal.

El Gobierno del presidente Raúl Castro, que reemplazó a su convaleciente hermano Fidel en el 2008, ha emprendido una reforma del sistema sanitario, reorganizando el programa de atención primaria de salud o médico de la familia.

"Los médicos cubanos gozan ya de un enorme prestigio internacional, sin embargo, este sector es líder ya en otro aspecto que es en el gasto de recursos", dijo el comentarista económico Ariel Terrero en la televisión local.

La opinión de Terrero, quien tiene un espacio fijo en la televisión estatal, llega después de que el mandatario Raúl Castro arremetió en un discurso el 4 de abril contra las plantillas infladas y el pago de salarios sin resultados, anunciando que el exceso de plazas en el país sobrepasa el millón de personas.

La salud es uno de los sectores más poderosos en cuanto a recursos financieros. Su presupuesto asciende a unos 5.000 millones de pesos, equivalente a un 10 por ciento de su Producto Interno Bruto (PIB), según Terrero.

"Esta cantidad de recursos está mal administrada. En mi opinión el sector de la salud es también un desastre desde el punto de vista de la administración de recursos", afirmó.

Terrero sostuvo que las reformas sanitarias emprendidas hasta ahora han fracasado debido a la desorganización en el sector primario de salud, falta de médicos y bajos salarios.

Según la Organización Mundial de la Salud (OMS), Cuba cuenta con uno de los más efectivos sistemas de salud en América Latina. La isla posee una elevada longevidad y el menor índice de mortalidad infantil materna de la región.

Pero los cubanos se han quejado en los últimos años de que el programa de los médicos de familia ha sufrido la falta de personal y muchos hospitales son reparados al mismo tiempo sin las condiciones debidas.

Cuba comenzó a enviar en el año 2000 miles de médicos a Venezuela y colabora con unos 75 países en desarrollo en el sector de la salud, según cifras oficiales.

(Reporte de Nelson Acosta; editado por Silene Ramírez)



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Un sitio de noticias on line ganó el Pulitzer por primera vez

NUEVA YORK (REUTERS).- ProPublica ganó el codiciado premio Pulitzer por una investigación sobre polémicas muertes en un centro médico de Nueva Orleans, tras el paso del huracán Katrina. Es la primera vez que se otorga el galardón a un medio periodístico de Internet.
3 de abril de 2010

La crónica de las decisiones de los médicos a cargo de pacientes en el centro médico afectado por la inundación, escrita por Sheri Fink de ProPublica en colaboración con The New York Times


Magazine, es el primer artículo de una organización de noticias on line que gana el máximo premio periodístico.

ProPublica, una organización sin fines de lucro, es considerada por algunos como un nuevo modelo para el periodismo, en momentos en que las publicaciones tienen menos recursos para destinar a los reportajes de investigación.

El sitio de internet www.sfgate.com del periódico San Francisco Chronicle ganó por mejor caricatura editorial, la primera vez que una entrada publicada en Internet gana en esa categoría. La serie de caricaturas animadas pertenece a Mark Fiore.

En la categoría de periodismo de investigación se entregó otro premio, además del de ProPublica, a Barbara Laker y Wendy Ruderman del diario Philadelphia Daily News por su reportaje que puso al descubierto un escuadrón corrupto de la policía antinarcóticos.



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La cuarta parte de piezas de Patterson son falsas, según expertos mexicanos

México, 15 abr (EFE).- Expertos mexicanos del Instituto Nacional de Antropología e Historia de México (INAH) determinaron que 252 de las 1.029 piezas precolombinas incautadas en Alemania en 2008, y que reclaman varios países latinoamericanos en un caso conocido como "Patterson", son falsas, informó hoy la dependencia.

En un comunicado conjunto, el INAH, la cancillería y la fiscalía mexicana indicaron que mediante "un riguroso análisis" en la ciudad alemana de Múnich, donde están las piezas de ese lote, los expertos mexicanos descubrieron que las 252 obras son "reproducciones de reciente manufactura", y por lo tanto ajenas al patrimonio arqueológico de México.

El caso se remonta a mediados de 2008, cuando las autoridades bávaras se incautaron de un lote de piezas precolombinas que correspondían a las expuestas hace unos 13 años en Santiago de Compostela (España) en la muestra "La cultura en el tiempo de la América prehispánica".

El coleccionista costarricense Leonardo Patterson, de 66 años, aseguró entonces ser su propietario, pese a las reclamaciones presentadas por varios países latinoamericanos, que afirman salieron ilegalmente de allí.

Varios expertos alemanes habían advertido ya de que al menos la mitad de lo incautado no era auténtico.

La colección estaba almacenada en Santiago de Compostela, pero reapareció en Múnich, tras localizar la policía alemana esas piezas en un camión de mudanzas procedente de España atendiendo a una orden de búsqueda internacional.

De acuerdo con los especialistas mexicanos algunas piezas "evidencian el uso de máquinas y herramientas modernas", y entre los objetos falsos "destacan algunos de gran formato, como una cabeza olmeca y un Chac-Mool (deidad tolteca y maya), así como relieves en estuco, estelas, mascarones, jambas, frisos y dinteles de apariencia maya y fragmentos de un mural que copia el estilo mixteco".

Según el INAH "86 de los objetos analizados no pertenecen a la región de Mesoamérica y, por lo tanto, también resultan ajenos al patrimonio de México", por lo que podrían provenir de cualquiera de los países que las reclaman: Guatemala, Perú, Honduras y El Salvador, entre otros.

Del total de piezas, "691 objetos son auténticos y provienen del actual territorio" mexicano, entre los que se cuentan "figuras antropomorfas y zoomorfas en barro, basalto y piedra caliza; ollas, urnas y vasos de barro, algunos con policromía", destacó el organismo.

Asimismo hay "puntas de proyectil, cuchillos y navajas de obsidiana y pedernal; braseros e incensarios, ornamentos de obsidiana, una máscara tallada en roca metamórfica, sellos, sahumadores, cajetes, collares y sartales de piedra", precisaron las dependencias.

La cancillería, la fiscalía y el INAH "seguirán trabajando para recuperar este patrimonio, acudiendo para ello ante todas las instancias legales del caso", concluye la nota.

Alemania se comprometió desde un principio a devolver las piezas, siempre que se esclareciera su legítima propiedad, y en su momento indicó que no había pruebas de que Patterson las robara, como pretenden los países reclamantes.



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La revuelta conservadora del "Tea Party" llega a Washington

Washington, 15 abr (EFE).- El movimiento conservador "Tea Party" finalizó hoy en Washington su marcha por todo Estados Unidos con las miras puestas en el Capitolio, del que quieren eliminar, como un "tsunami", a los legisladores que han apoyado con su voto la excesiva injerencia del Gobierno y la subida de impuestos.

Sin la presencia de su 'estrella' más conocida, la ex gobernadora de Alaska y ex candidata a la vicepresidencia Sarah Palin, los líderes de este movimiento agruparon en el centro de la ciudad, a medio camino entre la Casa Blanca y el Capitolio, a varios miles de personas descontentas con la marcha de la Administración de Barack Obama.

Con pancartas que caricaturizaban a Obama como una serpiente en un jardín plagado de ultraliberales, como un vampiro hincando sus colmillos en la Estatua de la Libertad o como el 'Joker' socialista de Batman, los simpatizantes del "Tea Party" apelaron a Dios, rezando, para que ponga freno a las ansias intervencionistas del Ejecutivo.

"Rogamos al Señor para que nuestros impuestos sean invertidos en lo que realmente importa, para que el Gobierno acabe con su intrusismo en nuestras vidas y nos permita recuperar las libertades que nos otorga la Constitución", oraron los asistentes, con la mirada en el suelo.

El acto celebrado hoy en la Capital estadounidense puso fin a una marcha de tres semanas por todo el país, en la que este movimiento conservador, situado a la derecha del partido republicano, ha blandido sus armas contra la subida de impuestos, el aumento del gasto público y en general las 'ansias' reguladoras de la Administración.

La elección del día de hoy, 15 de abril, para culminar la marcha no es casual, pues es la fecha que los estadounidenses tienen como límite para presentar sus impuestos sobre el patrimonio y la renta.

"No me avergüenzo de pagar impuestos, pero quiero que me den explicaciones de en qué los están invirtiendo", dijo una de las asistentes a la manifestación.

En los últimos meses, el "Tea Party", que adoptó el nombre de una revuelta de los colonos contra la corona británica en 1773 en la que abordaron un cargamento de té y lo echaron al mar, ha cobrado relevancia con sus ataques viscerales a los demócratas y las intervenciones populistas de su cara más conocida, Sarah Palin.

Hoy, esta agrupación se considera lo suficientemente madura como para lanzar una campaña para derrotar en las elecciones al Congreso del próximo mes de noviembre a los demócratas que más han atacado, en su opinión, los principios de la Constitución estadounidense.

A la cabeza de sus "bestias negras" se encuentra el senador demócrata de mayor rango en el Senado, Harry Reid, de Nevada, al que culpan de la aprobación de los rescates bancarios, la reforma de salud o la subida de impuestos.

"Somos un tsunami y vamos a devolver este país a los principios de nuestra Constitución", afirmó hoy, entusiasta, Sharron Angle, la mujer a la que el "Tea Party" quiere sentar en el escaño que Reid ocupa por Nevada, el próximo noviembre.

"Nunca voy sola a los actos. Siempre voy acompañada de Dios y del que es mi marido desde hace 40 años", gritó la candidata, en un tono que recordaba al que esgrime Sarah Palin en sus intervenciones públicas.

El "Tea Party", que tiene en su lista de objetivos a otra docena de demócratas en el Congreso y el Senado, se precia de haber logrado con su movilización popular que Harry Reid vaya por detrás en las encuestas o que el republicano Scott Brown venciera en las elecciones al Senado por Massachusetts, un estado tradicionalmente liberal que fue representado durante décadas por Edward Kennedy.

También se atribuye el mérito de haber forzado la retirada de Bart Stupak, un demócrata antiabortista cuyo apoyo fue clave para que saliera adelante la reforma del sistema de salud en el Congreso.

En noviembre "vamos a devolver el país al camino que marca nuestra Constitución, y vamos acabar con el intrusismo del Gobierno", aseguró el responsable de la marcha, el locutor de radio Mark Williams.

Tras las elecciones, la meta del "Tea Party" será permanecer como un movimiento de base con capacidad para "exigir responsabilidad al Gobierno, y defender nuestra capacidad de expresarnos", señaló a Efe uno de sus dirigentes, el escritor Mark Owens.

"Desde luego, lo que no nos planteamos es constituirnos como un partido y lanzar a nuestros propios candidatos. Si lo hiciéramos, se nos vincularía con un líder en concreto, y eso acabaría con nuestra libertad para opinar y expresarnos", explicó.

"Eso no quita que tengamos capacidad para apoyar o criticar a un candidato de uno u otro partido. Que lo tengan claro -advirtió- estamos aquí para quedarnos". EFE




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Intelectuales cubanos advierten sobre la corrupción

LA HABANA (AP) - Intelectuales cubanos ligados al Partido Comunista advirtieron que los recientes casos de corrupción de altos dirigentes en la isla son más peligrosos para el gobierno que una disidencia interna.

"La contrarrevolución, poco a poco, va tomando posiciones en ciertos niveles del Estado y del gobierno", dijo Esteban Morales, académico del Centro de Estudios sobre Estados Unidos, en un artículo inusualmente publicado en la página de internet de la Unión Nacional de Artistas y Escritores de Cuba.

Aunque los especialistas en Cuba suelen ser críticos con el sistema de gobierno, pocas veces las publican temerosos de que sus palabras sean usadas para desprestigiar al proceso que ellos mismos apoyan.

"Hay gentes en posiciones de gobierno y estatal, que se están apalancando financieramente, para cuando la revolución se caiga, y otros, que pueden tener casi todo preparado para producir el traspaso de los bienes estatales a manos privadas" como tuvo lugar en la antigua Unión Soviética, expresó Morales.

El académico hizo un recorrido por incidentes de corrupción en pequeña escala desde venta de leche en el mercado negro, soborno a funcionarios para agilizar trámites o el desvío de carne hacia mercados privados.

La corrupción "es mucho más peligrosa que la llamada disidencia interna. Esta última aún se encuentra aislada: carece de programa alternativo, no tiene líderes reales, no tiene masa. Pero la corrupción resulta ser la verdadera contrarrevolución", señaló.

Para Morales, el contrabando "hormiga" es dañino, pero el impacto es enorme cuando se trata de funcionarios "en altísimos cargos y con fuertes conexiones personales, internas y externas, generadas por decenas de años ocupando las mismas posiciones de poder".

Hizo alusión a la reciente destitución del general Rogelio Acevedo como presidente del Instituto de Aeronáutica Civil de Cuba.

Aunque no se informó oficialmente sobre el motivo de su salida, rumores corrieron sobre ello en especial uso de aviones estatales para negocios privados y desvío multimillonarios de dinero.

Estos rumores "son como para quitar el sueño", manifestó Morales para quien "ya sea para reivindicar a Acevedo o condenarlo", hay que explicarle la situación al pueblo.

La prensa extranjeros se hizo eco esta semana del supuesto caso de corrupción entre directivos de la firma cubana Río Zaza, creada con dinero del ex guerrillero y posteriormente empresario chileno Max Marambi.

Morales advirtió que los funcionarios que se corrompen pierden sus valores y son fácil presa de presiones políticas y hasta chantajes por parte de los servicios de inteligencia estadounidenses ávidos de destruir el comunismo en Cuba, tras casi 50 años de política hostil por parte de Washington.



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Gobierno chileno sigue con suma atención caso de empresario muerto en Cuba

SANTIAGO (AFP) - Allegados a un empresario chileno hallado muerto el martes en La Habana descartaron este jueves que se haya suicidado o fuera víctima de una persecución estatal cubana, mientras el gobierno de Chile sigue con suma atención el caso.

Eduardo Contreras, abogado de la empresa de alimentos Río Zaza, que era gerenciada por el fallecido Roberto Baudrand, descartó que éste fuera objeto de una "persecución" por parte del gobierno de la isla, en referencia a los interrogatorios a los que fue sometido por la Fiscalía cubana y a la orden de arraigo que pesaba sobre él.

"Hay que descartar esto que se dice que Baudrand fue víctima de una persecución, o que fueron interrogatorios-secuestro, como dijo un periódico chileno. Roberto era un hombre muy decente y estoy seguro que estas afirmaciones no las habría aceptado", señaló Contreras a una radio local.

Baudrand, de 59 años, había sido retenido cuando intentó salir del país la semana pasada debido a que la empresa que dirigía, Río Zaza, se encuentra bajo una investigación por parte de la Fiscalía Nacional de Cuba por hechos que no se han hecho públicos.

En el marco de dicha investigación, Baudrand fue interrogado en dos ocasiones en calidad de testigo, y según Contreras, "nunca hubo ningún cargo contra él, y por lo tanto él no tenía ninguna razón para temer que ocurriera nada".

Sin embargo Contreras se reunió con Baudrand tras los dos interrogatorios, y aseguró que el empresario se mostró "muy tenso y muy preocupado", por lo que decidió acompañarlo a la embajada chilena en Cuba para "tratar que él entendiera que las cosas podían resolverse y que estuviera más tranquilo".

Según relata este jueves el diario chileno La Tercera, Baudrand fue hallado en su departamento en La Habana, sentado al lado de la cama y con varias cajas de medicamentos abiertas junto a él.

La familia del empresario negó la posibilidad de que se hubiera suicidado y apuntó que sufría de problemas cardiacos.

Río Zaza es una empresa productora de alimentos de propiedad compartida entre la firma chilena Ingelco -del empresario Max Marambio- y el Estado cubano, y tres de sus trabajadores cubanos -la contadora, un técnico de planta y un chofer- han sido detenidos sin que se conozca públicamente los cargos que se les atribuyen, según medios chilenos.

Marambio, amigo personal de Fidel Castro y principal financiador de la campaña electoral del candidato chileno Marco Enríquez Ominami en diciembre pasado, ya se había comunicado con la cancillería de Chile la semana pasada al enterarse que Baudrand no podía salir de la isla.

Funcionarios de la cancillería se comunicaron entonces con la ministra consejera de la embajada de Cuba para obtener más detalles de la situación del chileno y de las razones por las cuales era impedido de abandonar el país.

Baudrand "estaba respondiendo por hechos que ocurrieron con anterioridad a que él fuera designado gerente, y por lo que me dijo, deduzco que la mayoría de cosas que a él le preguntaron y que serían los supuestos cargos no constituyen delito penal", puntualizó Contreras.

Según el abogado, "la única duda que cabe es si fue una muerte natural o un suicidio. Supongo que nadie cree que sea un asesinato, pero si se llega a esta especie de delirio, sí sería muy aconsejable que hubiera aquí (en Chile) una nueva autopsia".

El canciller chileno, Alfredo Moreno, solicitó el miércoles una "exhaustiva investigación" sobre los hechos a la cancillería cubana, mientras que la familia viajó a la isla para repatriar los restos del empresario, cuya autopsia es esperada.

Por su parte, el gobierno cubano se mantiene hermético respecto del tema, y tanto los dos diarios nacionales como el telediario, todos estatales, optaron hasta ahora por no divulgar la noticia.



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5 Ways to Reduce Social Media Distractions and Be More Productive

Workflow ImageScott Belsky studies exceptionally productive people and teams in the creative world. He is the Founder and CEO of Behance, oversees The 99% think tank, and is the author of Making Ideas Happen: Overcoming The Obstacles Between Vision & Reality (Portfolio, April 2010).

Those of us who are social media-savvy suffer from a burgeoning problem that constantly threatens our ingenuity. If we fail to acknowledge and solve this problem, our brilliant ideas may may never see the light of day.

Every single minute, more “stuff” is being sent your way. E-mails, text messages, voice mails, instant messages, Twitter messages, Facebook posts… and the list goes on. The proliferation of mobile devices only increases the flow.

What do you do with this deluge? You simply try to stay afloat. You peck away at the latest communications at the top of your many inboxes. And since the flow of information never ends, you risk slipping into a life of what I have come to call “reactionary workflow.”

For those of us with great ideas and bold goals for the future, reactionary workflow is a big problem. If we spend all day reacting to the incoming barrage of communication, we will fail to be proactive with our energy. Our long-term aspirations suffer as a result.

For the past five years, I’ve been interviewing super-productive leaders and teams — people at companies like Google, IDEO, and Disney, and individuals like author Chris Anderson and Zappos CEO Tony Hsieh. I’ve never asked them how they come up with ideas. I’m not interested. My fascination is how they make their ideas happen, time and time again.

Many of the people I met have developed ways to combat reactionary workflow. Here are a few tips on how they do it.

1. Create Windows of Non-Stimulation

Once you open the door to communications overload, you could spend all day reacting to what’s thrown at you. Piers Fawkes, founder and editor of the marketing consultancy PSFK, reserves a good chunk of his morning –- from 7 to 10 a.m. every day -– to do research and digest the day’s trends and news prior to going through his e-mail. Proactively blocking out time for creating and absorbing, rather than just responding, is a key tactic of productive creatives.

2. Keep Two Lists

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When it comes to organizing the day’s tasks — and how your energy will be allocated — create two lists: One for urgent items and another for important ones. Long-term goals and priorities deserve a list of their own and should not compete against the urgent items that can easily consume your day. Once you have two lists, you can preserve distinctly different periods of time for focus on each.

3. Schedule Focused Periods of Processing Every Day

During the research for my book, I met a number of people who swear by “power hours.” These individuals would try to compress all response-related work into pre-determined short periods of time every day, usually one to two hours of uninterrupted inbox clearing. The notion of compartmentalizing reactionary workflow was a theme across the most productive leaders I met.

4. Don’t Hoard Urgent Items

Even when you delegate operational responsibilities to someone else, you may still find you are hoarding urgent items as they arise. When you care so deeply about a project, you likely prefer to resolve things yourself.

Say an e-mail arrives from a client with a routine problem. Even though the responsibility may lie with someone else on your team, you might think, “Oh, this is a really quick fix, I’ll just take care of it.” And gradually your energy will start to shift away from long-term pursuits. Hoarding urgent items is one of the most damaging tendencies I’ve noticed in creative professionals that have experienced early success. When you are in the position to do so, challenge yourself to delegate urgent items to others.

5. Reduce Your Level of “Insecurity Work”

In the era of Google Analytics and Twitter, we spend too much time obsessing over real-time data, just because it’s at our fingertips. Whether it is checking your site’s traffic or your bank account, these small repetitive actions don’t help you make ideas happen. They just help us feel safe.

“Insecurity work” is the stuff we do that has no intended outcome, does not move the ball forward in any way, and is quick enough that you can do it multiple times a day without realizing. But nonetheless, it puts us at ease.

The first step in reducing insecurity work is becoming self-aware. Recognize what you do in your everyday life that is, in fact, insecurity work. The second step is to establish some guidelines and rituals for yourself that provide more discipline, such as restricting all insecurity work to a specified 30 minute block every day. The third step, if applicable to you, is to delegate the task of checking on this data to a less insecure colleague who can review it periodically and report any concerns.


How do you avoid a life of reactionary workflow? You need discipline and a dose of confidence. Recognize your tendency to surf the stream of incoming data, and gain confidence in the potential for being proactive.

It’s easy to sit there and react all day. You’ll never run out of work to do. But your bold ideas will suffer unless you take your energy by the reigns.



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