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quarta-feira, 18 de janeiro de 2012

SOPA Protests Provoke Video Site Blackouts

Our Internet from Engine Advocacy on Vimeo.

Google, Wikipedia, Craigslist, Wired, and thousands of other websites have gone dark in protest the Stop Online Piracy Act (SOPA), a Congressional Bill designed to curtail copyright infringement but also threatens to disrupt the function of the internet.
SOPA, along with the Senate bill Protect IP Act (PIPA), has also provoked strong reaction in the online video community, including Rob Barnett, Founder and CEO of MyDamnChannel, which is also dark today in protest:
MyDamnChannel.com is going dark all day and night joining our cyber community in protest of the U.S. Stop Online Piracy Act (SOPA) and PROTECT-IP Act (PIPA). We’re an entertainment studio producing and distributing original video and valuable intellectual property with top talent. Therefore, we couldn’t be more interested in both running a successful business and protecting that IP. But My Damn Channel was founded to give great artists maximum creative freedom and we can’t support anything that could put their freedom in jeopardy.
MyDamnChannel’s Daily Grace put out a protest video of her own:


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26/10/2008 free counters

SOPA and PIPA - Learn more

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

What effect is the blackout having, so far?
The purpose of the blackout is twofold: to raise awareness of SOPA and PIPA among the general public, and to encourage people to share their views with their representatives. It's too early to tell what the ultimate impact will be, but here are some early indicators, as of 1PM PT January 18:
Why is Wikipedia blacked-out?
Wikipedia is protesting against SOPA and PIPA by blacking out the English Wikipedia for 24 hours, beginning at midnight January 18, Eastern Time. Readers who come to English Wikipedia during the blackout will not be able to read the encyclopedia. Instead, you will see messages intended to raise awareness about SOPA and PIPA, encouraging you to share your views with your representatives, and with each other on social media.
What are SOPA and PIPA?
SOPA and PIPA represent two bills in the United States House of Representatives and the United States Senate respectively. SOPA is short for the "Stop Online Piracy Act," and PIPA is an acronym for the "Protect IP Act." ("IP" stands for "intellectual property.") In short, these bills are efforts to stop copyright infringement committed by foreign web sites, but, in our opinion, they do so in a way that actually infringes free expression while harming the Internet. Detailed information about these bills can be found in the Stop Online Piracy Act and PROTECT IP Act articles on Wikipedia, which are available during the blackout. GovTrack lets you follow both bills through the legislative process: SOPA on this page, and PIPA on this one. The Electronic Frontier Foundation, a non-profit organization dedicated to advocating for the public interest in the digital realm, has summarized why these bills are simply unacceptable in a world that values an open, secure, and free Internet.
Why is the blackout happening?
Wikipedians have chosen to black out the English Wikipedia for the first time ever, because we are concerned that SOPA and PIPA will severely inhibit people's access to online information. This is not a problem that will solely affect people in the United States: it will affect everyone around the world.
Why? SOPA and PIPA are badly drafted legislation that won't be effective at their stated goal (to stop copyright infringement), and will cause serious damage to the free and open Internet. They put the burden on website owners to police user-contributed material and call for the unnecessary blocking of entire sites. Small sites won't have sufficient resources to defend themselves. Big media companies may seek to cut off funding sources for their foreign competitors, even if copyright isn't being infringed. Foreign sites will be blacklisted, which means they won't show up in major search engines. And, SOPA and PIPA build a framework for future restrictions and suppression.
Does this mean that Wikipedia itself is violating copyright laws, or hosting pirated content?
No, not at all. Some supporters of SOPA and PIPA characterize everyone who opposes them as cavalier about copyright, but that is not accurate. Wikipedians are knowledgeable about copyright and vigilant in protecting against violations: Wikipedians spend thousands of hours every week reviewing and removing infringing content. We are careful about it because our mission is to share knowledge freely. To that end, all Wikipedians release their contributions under a free license, and all the material we offer is freely licensed. Free licenses are incompatible with copyright infringement, and so infringement is not tolerated.
Isn't SOPA dead? Wasn't the bill shelved, and didn't the White House declare that it won't sign anything that resembles the current bill?
No, neither SOPA nor PIPA is dead. On January 17th, SOPA's sponsor said the bill will be discussed in early February. There are signs PIPA may be debated on the Senate floor next week. Moreover, SOPA and PIPA are just indicators of a much broader problem. In many jurisdictions around the world, we're seeing the development of legislation that prioritizes overly-broad copyright enforcement laws, laws promoted by power players, over the preservation of individual civil liberties.
How could SOPA and PIPA hurt Wikipedia?
SOPA and PIPA are a threat to Wikipedia in many ways. For example, in its current form, SOPA would require Wikipedia to actively monitor every site we link to, to ensure it doesn't host infringing content. Any link to an infringing site could put us in jeopardy of being forced offline.
I live in the United States. What's the best way for me to help?
The most effective action you can take is to call your representatives and tell them you oppose SOPA and PIPA, and any similar legislation. Type your zipcode in the locator box to find your representatives' contact information. Text-based communication is okay, but phone calls have the most impact.
I don't live in the United States. How can I help?
Contact your local State Department, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, or similar branch of government. Tell them you oppose SOPA and PIPA, and any similar legislation. SOPA and PIPA will affect sites outside of the United States, and actions to sites inside the United States (like Wikipedia) will also affect non-American readers -- like you. Calling your own government will also let them know you don't want them to create their own bad anti-Internet legislation.
Is it still possible to access Wikipedia in any way?
Yes. During the blackout, Wikipedia is accessible on mobile devices and smart phones. You can also view Wikipedia normally by disabling JavaScript in your browser, as explained on this Technical FAQ page. Our purpose here isn't to make it completely impossible for people to read Wikipedia, and it's okay for you to circumvent the blackout. We just want to make sure you see our message.
I keep hearing that this is a fight between Hollywood and Silicon Valley. Is that true?
No. Some people are characterizing it that way, probably in an effort to imply all the participants are motivated by commercial self-interest. But it's obviously not that simple. The proof of that is Wikipedia's involvement. Wikipedia has no financial self-interest at play here: we do not benefit from copyright infringement, nor are we trying to monetize traffic or sell ads. We are protesting to raise awareness about SOPA and PIPA solely because we think they will hurt the Internet, and your ability to access information online. We are doing this for you, because we're on your side.
In carrying out this protest, is Wikipedia abandoning neutrality?
We hope you continue to trust Wikipedia to be a neutral information source. We are staging this blackout because (as Wikimedia Foundation Trustee Kat Walsh said recently), although Wikipedia’s articles are neutral, its existence is not. For over a decade, Wikipedians have spent millions of hours building the largest encyclopedia in human history. Wikipedia is a tremendously useful resource, and its existence depends upon a free, open and uncensored Internet. SOPA and PIPA (and other similar laws under discussion inside and outside the United States) will hurt you, because they will make it impossible for sites you enjoy, and benefit from, to continue to exist. That's why we're doing this.
I have a question that isn't answered here, or, I would like to send feedback to Wikipedia.
You can reach Wikipedia editors at info-en(at)wikimedia(dot)org. If you need a response, please be patient: we may have trouble keeping up with the mail.

What can I read to get more information?
Try these links:
As of 6AM PT, January 18, Google has more than 4,600 articles about the blackout. Here are a few:

Millions of Americans oppose SOPA and PIPA because these bills would censor the Internet and slow economic growth in the U.S.

Two bills before Congress, known as the Protect IP Act (PIPA) in the Senate and the Stop Online Piracy Act (SOPA) in the House, would censor the Web and impose harmful regulations on American business. Millions of Internet users and entrepreneurs already oppose SOPA and PIPA.
The Senate will begin voting on January 24th. Please let them know how you feel. Sign this petition urging Congress to vote NO on PIPA and SOPA before it is too late.

SOPA: Hollywood Finally Gets A Chance to Break the Internet

As promised, here’s the first installment of our closer review of the massive piece of job-killing Internet regulation that is the Stop Online Piracy Act. We’ll start with how it could impact Twitter, Tumblr, and the next innovative social network, cloud computing, or web hosting service that some smart kid is designing in her garage right now.
Let’s make one thing clear from the get-go: despite all the talk about this bill being directed only toward “rogue” foreign sites, there is no question that it targets US companies as well. The bill sets up a system to punish sites allegedly “dedicated to the theft of US property.”  How do you get that label?  Doesn’t take much: Some portion of your site (even a single page) must  
  1. be directed toward the US, and either
  2. allegedly “engage in, enable or facilitate” infringement or
  3. allegedly be taking or have taken steps to “avoid confirming a high probability” of infringement.
If an IP rightsholder (vaguely defined – could be Justin Bieber worried about his publicity rights) thinks you meet the criteria and that it is in some way harmed, it can send a notice claiming as much to the payment processors (Visa, Mastercard, Paypal etc.) and ad services you rely on.
Once they get it, they have 5 days to choke off your financial support.  Of course, the payment processors and ad networks won’t be able to fine-tune their response so that only the allegedly infringing portion of your site is affected, which means your whole site will be under assault.  And, it makes no difference that no judge has found you guilty of anything or that the DMCA safe harbors would shelter your conduct if the matter ever went to court.  Indeed, services that have been specifically found legal, like Rapidshare, could be economically strangled via SOPA. You can file a counter-notice, but you’ve only got 5 days to do it (good luck getting solid legal advice in time) and the payment processors and ad networks have no obligation to respect it in any event.  That’s because there are vigilante provisions that grant them immunity for choking off a site if they have a “reasonable belief” that some portion of the site enables infringement. 
At a minimum, this means that any service that hosts user generated content is going to be under enormous pressure to actively monitor and filter that content.  That’s a huge burden, and worse for services that are just getting started – the YouTubes of tomorrow that are generating jobs today.  And no matter what they do, we’re going to see a flurry of notices anyway – as we’ve learned from the DMCA takedown process, content owners are more than happy to send bogus complaints. What happened to Wikileaks via voluntary censorship will now be systematized and streamlined – as long as someone, somewhere, thinks they’ve got an IP right that’s being harmed.  
In essence, Hollywood is tired of those pesky laws that help protect innovation, economic growth, and creativity rather than outmoded business models.  So they are trying to rewrite the rules, regulate the Internet, and damn the consequences for the rest of us. 
Watch this space for more analysis, but don’t wait to act. This bill cannot be fixed; it must be killed. The bill’s sponsors (and their corporate backers) want to push this thing through quickly, before ordinary citizens get wind of the harm it is going to cause.  If you don’t want to let big media control the future of innovation and online expression, act now, and urge everyone you know to do the same.

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  • Richard Nugent: Rep. FL-5
  • Devin Nunes: Rep. CA-21
  • Alan Nunnelee: Rep. MS-1
  • Pete Olson: Rep. TX-22
  • John Olver: Rep. MA-1
  • Bill Owens: Rep. NY-23
  • Steven Palazzo: Rep. MS-4
  • Frank Pallone: Rep. NJ-6
  • Bill Pascrell Jr.: Rep. NJ-8
  • Ed Pastor: Rep. AZ-4
  • Rand Paul: Sen. KY
  • Ron Paul: Rep. TX-14
  • Erik Paulsen: Rep. MN-3
  • Donald Payne: Rep. NJ-10
  • Steve Pearce: Rep. NM-2
  • Nancy Pelosi: Rep. CA-8
  • Mike Pence: Rep. IN-6
  • Ed Perlmutter: Rep. CO-7
  • Gary Peters: Rep. MI-9
  • Collin Peterson: Rep. MN-7
  • Tom Petri: Rep. WI-6
  • Chellie Pingree: Rep. ME-1
  • Joe Pitts: Rep. PA-16
  • Todd Platts: Rep. PA-19
  • Ted Poe: Rep. TX-2
  • Jared Polis: Rep. CO-2
  • Mike Pompeo: Rep. KS-4
  • Rob Portman: Sen. OH
  • Bill Posey: Rep. FL-15
  • David Price: Rep. NC-4
  • Tom Price: Rep. GA-6
  • Mark Pryor: Sen. AR
  • Ben Quayle: Rep. AZ-3
  • Mike Quigley: Rep. IL-5
  • Nick Rahall II: Rep. WV-3
  • Charles Rangel: Rep. NY-15
  • Jack Reed: Sen. RI
  • Tom Reed: Rep. NY-29
  • Denny Rehberg: Rep. MT-1
  • Dave Reichert: Rep. WA-8
  • Harry Reid: Sen. NV
  • Jim Renacci: Rep. OH-16
  • Silvestre Reyes: Rep. TX-16
  • Reid Ribble: Rep. WI-8
  • Laura Richardson: Rep. CA-37
  • Cedric Richmond: Rep. LA-2
  • Scott Rigell: Rep. VA-2
  • Jim Risch: Sen. ID
  • David Rivera: Rep. FL-25
  • Pat Roberts: Sen. KS
  • Martha Roby: Rep. AL-2
  • John Rockefeller IV: Sen. WV
  • Phil Roe: Rep. TN-1
  • Harold Rogers: Rep. KY-5
  • Mike Rogers: Rep. MI-8
  • Mike Rogers: Rep. AL-3
  • Dana Rohrabacher: Rep. CA-46
  • Todd Rokita: Rep. IN-4
  • Tom Rooney: Rep. FL-16
  • Ileana Ros-Lehtinen: Rep. FL-18
  • Peter Roskam: Rep. IL-6
  • Dennis Ross: Rep. FL-12
  • Mike Ross: Rep. AR-4
  • Steven Rothman: Rep. NJ-9
  • Lucille Roybal-Allard: Rep. CA-34
  • Ed Royce: Rep. CA-40
  • Marco Rubio: Sen. FL
  • Jon Runyan: Rep. NJ-3
  • C.A. Dutch Ruppersberger: Rep. MD-2
  • Bobby Rush: Rep. IL-1
  • Paul Ryan: Rep. WI-1
  • Tim Ryan: Rep. OH-17
  • Linda Sanchez: Rep. CA-39
  • Loretta Sanchez: Rep. CA-47
  • Bernard Sanders: Sen. VT
  • John Sarbanes: Rep. MD-3
  • Steve Scalise: Rep. LA-1
  • Jan Schakowsky: Rep. IL-9
  • Adam Schiff: Rep. CA-29
  • Bobby Schilling: Rep. IL-17
  • Jean Schmidt: Rep. OH-2
  • Aaron Schock: Rep. IL-18
  • Kurt Schrader: Rep. OR-5
  • Charles Schumer: Sen. NY
  • Allyson Schwartz: Rep. PA-13
  • David Schweikert: Rep. AZ-5
  • Austin Scott: Rep. GA-8
  • David Scott: Rep. GA-13
  • Robert Scott: Rep. VA-3
  • Tim Scott: Rep. SC-1
  • F. Sensenbrenner: Rep. WI-5
  • José Serrano: Rep. NY-16
  • Jeff Sessions: Sen. AL
  • Pete Sessions: Rep. TX-32
  • Terri Sewell: Rep. AL-7
  • Jeanne Shaheen: Sen. NH
  • Richard Shelby: Sen. AL
  • Brad Sherman: Rep. CA-27
  • John Shimkus: Rep. IL-19
  • Heath Shuler: Rep. NC-11
  • Bill Shuster: Rep. PA-9
  • Mike Simpson: Rep. ID-2
  • Albio Sires: Rep. NJ-13
  • Louise Slaughter: Rep. NY-28
  • Adam Smith: Rep. WA-9
  • Adrian Smith: Rep. NE-3
  • Christopher Smith: Rep. NJ-4
  • Lamar Smith: Rep. TX-21
  • Olympia Snowe: Sen. ME
  • Steve Southerland: Rep. FL-2
  • Jackie Speier: Rep. CA-12
  • Debbie Stabenow: Sen. MI
  • Pete Stark: Rep. CA-13
  • Cliff Stearns: Rep. FL-6
  • Steve Stivers: Rep. OH-15
  • Marlin Stutzman: Rep. IN-3
  • John Sullivan: Rep. OK-1
  • Betty Sutton: Rep. OH-13
  • Lee Terry: Rep. NE-2
  • Jon Tester: Sen. MT
  • Bennie Thompson: Rep. MS-2
  • Glenn Thompson: Rep. PA-5
  • Mike Thompson: Rep. CA-1
  • William Thornberry: Rep. TX-13
  • John Thune: Sen. SD
  • Pat Tiberi: Rep. OH-12
  • John Tierney: Rep. MA-6
  • Scott Tipton: Rep. CO-3
  • Paul Tonko: Rep. NY-21
  • Patrick Toomey: Sen. PA
  • Edolphus Towns: Rep. NY-10
  • Niki Tsongas: Rep. MA-5
  • Bob Turner: Rep. NY-9
  • Michael Turner: Rep. OH-3
  • Mark Udall: Sen. CO
  • Tom Udall: Sen. NM
  • Fred Upton: Rep. MI-6
  • Chris Van Hollen: Rep. MD-8
  • Nydia Velázquez: Rep. NY-12
  • Peter Visclosky: Rep. IN-1
  • David Vitter: Sen. LA
  • Tim Walberg: Rep. MI-7
  • Greg Walden: Rep. OR-2
  • Joe Walsh: Rep. IL-8
  • Tim Walz: Rep. MN-1
  • Mark Warner: Sen. VA
  • Debbie Wasserman Schultz: Rep. FL-20
  • Maxine Waters: Rep. CA-35
  • Melvin Watt: Rep. NC-12
  • Henry Waxman: Rep. CA-30
  • Jim Webb: Sen. VA
  • Daniel Webster: Rep. FL-8
  • Peter Welch: Rep. VT-1
  • Allen West: Rep. FL-22
  • Lynn Westmoreland: Rep. GA-3
  • Sheldon Whitehouse: Sen. RI
  • Edward Whitfield: Rep. KY-1
  • Roger Wicker: Sen. MS
  • Frederica Wilson: Rep. FL-17
  • Joe Wilson: Rep. SC-2
  • Robert Wittman: Rep. VA-1
  • Frank Wolf: Rep. VA-10
  • Steve Womack: Rep. AR-3
  • Rob Woodall: Rep. GA-7
  • Lynn Woolsey: Rep. CA-6
  • Ron Wyden: Sen. OR
  • John Yarmuth: Rep. KY-3
  • Kevin Yoder: Rep. KS-3
  • C. W. Bill Young: Rep. FL-10
  • Don Young: Rep. AK-1
  • Todd Young: Rep. IN-9

Well-funded interests on either side of SOPA and PIPA are lining up support among members of Congress. This database keeps track of where members of Congress stand. Findings are based on two factors: whether a member is a sponsor of the proposed bills, and each member's voting record on the current bills' precursors and alternatives. Click the links on the left to filter the supporters list.
New: The latest statements and actions on SOPA/PIPA
Related story: About SOPA Opera

Follow the Money

See the current tally of all senators and all representatives, including ones whose positions are unknown.
See the tally by state.

About this Project

See our methodology.
Additions and Corrections? E-mail Dan Nguyen.


80 Supporters

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31 Opponents


This site is blacked out from 5am-5pm PST to protest the House's Stop Online Piracy Act (SOPA) and the Senate's Protect I.P. Act (PIPA). Both bills pose a tremendous threat to free speech and innovation online. While it appears the House has all but abandoned SOPA, the Senate is still pressing ahead with PIPA's most dangerous provisions intact, including those that would force internet service providers to block access to entire sites through DNS blocking and other means that threaten both the universality and the security of the internet itself. Piracy is a real problem. But these are the wrong solutions. If this legislation passes legitimate websites will be threatened. Some will disappear. Today, our site disappears along with many others to protest the misguided approaches SOPA and PIPA employ, and to demonstrate the threat they pose. To learn more about this legislation and what you can do to make a difference, please visit the links below and share them with friends.

Learn More

Information on H.R.3261 - Stop Online Piracy Act at OpenCongress.org
Information on S.968 PROTECT IP Act at OpenCongress.org
Watch this video by American Censorship that explains why SOPA will break the internet.
Read "Don't Break the Internet" by Mark Lemley, David S. Levine & David G. Post.
Watch the CIS panel of legal scholars, entrepreneurs, engineers discuss what's wrong with SOPA.
Read "The 'Stop Online Piracy Act' (SOPA) Violates the First Amendment" by Laurence H. Tribe.

Take Action

Strike against SOPA.
The Super PIPA-SOPA Action/Info Flowchart Reference Guide

List of companies that have expressed concern with SOPA and PIPA.
There are several ways to take action from writing an email to congress to "censoring" your website in protest. Go to americancensorship.org for all the info.
Contact Your Representative with info and a widget to find them by EFF and Wired for Change.
SOPAOpera.org keeps track of where your Congressmembers stand on PROTECT-IP and SOPA.
MA Senator
WA Senator
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KY Senator
VA Senator
OR Senator

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